The practice of making music is an intrinsic part of what makes us human, from solitary acts of private expression to industrial scale commercial enterprise, as well as providing a cornerstone in the development of communities. Being involved in music making, especially as part of a group, can help the development of mental resilience, it can support the road to recovery and enable people to foster an identity. Music is for many, a way to express their humanity in a moment, space or time. Conversely, with its often long and anti-social working hours and lack of opportunity for forward planning and time management, there is evidence to suggest that professional engagement in music and its industry carries the risk of stress, poor mental health and physical illness. This conference will create a stimulating international forum through which we aim to share practice and research associated with the humanness of music and the subsequent issues for individuals and groups of people who take part in musical engagement or work within the music industry.